Welcome to the April 2017 update of Green’s Dictionary of Slang Online.
As in the January update, the broad-brush goal has been to continue slang research, both historical and contemporary. To that end 296 new terms have been added to the database, 314 entries have been predated as to their currently recorded ‘first use’ and well over 2,000 citations – including predates, inter-dates and post-dates to reflect the continuing use of many terms – have been uploaded. All of this new material can be seen by subscribers; the changes that are reflected by the predates are also shown in alterations in the wide-spectrum dating: for instance ‘late 19C’ to ‘early 19C’, ‘1980s+’ back to ‘1940s+’, and so on. But as ever, for those who want or need to access the detailed heart of the data, we have to recommend a subscription.
For an overview, in chronological order, of all new terms and predates, all users can go here. This uses the same software as the Timelines of Slang. New terms are marked in red, predates in blue.
As well as researching new material, the last quarter has also seen a new project, like the Timelines devoted to a new ways of visualizing the slang lexis. This project, Slang Family Trees, has so far covered the following (highly popular) areas of slang:
and the most recent ‘tree’, another one requiring two parts:
For the purposes of this quarter’s update, we have focused on the slang of Britain’s colonial era in India. The best-known dictionary of that language, Hobson-Jobson by Henry Yule and A.C. Burnell, was published in 1886. In terms of bare statistics the database now covers 79 words/senses OED does not, and 50 words/senses that did not find a place in Hobson-Jobson itself. Moreover, of the 47 terms that are in OED, GDoS has now been able to antedate some 45%. Approximately 1,000 new citations have been added to this lexical subset.
Rather than deal fully with that here, we offer a separate post, co-written with fellow lexicographer James Lambert, which explains what has been done, and looks at a few of the words.