We are pleased to announce the first of what will be regular three-monthly updates to Green’s Dictionary of Slang Online.
Since the launch in October 2016 on-going research has added 2,250 new citations, 351 antedatings of recorded use, and 371 new slang words and phrases.
New words include brinsy (1639), skin the fox (1683), lappy-gagger (1717), jamming cull (1739), dance a lunching-drum (1867), poison shover (1893), blood on the moon (1901), square Jane, no nonsense (1917), Anzac poker (1921), sneak disser (2012), S.L.I.M.E. (2014) and manaman (2016).
Notable antedates include in the days of Queen Dick (1652 from 1786), unruly member (1683 from 1734), Newgate knocker (1781 from 1843), go to it (1812 from 1956), shicer (1845 from 1936), pleased as a dog with two cocks (1859 from 1915), dornick (1900 from 1933), prat (1901 from 1940) and axle grease (1941 from 1981). Details are to be found in the database.
To take a look at what has been done as regards antedates and new material, we have created a timeline of the updates. New material is marked with a red star, antedates with a blue. Subscribers, who have access to the citations that underpin every entry and sense, will be able to see all these in the dictionary itself; other users will benefit in improved dating and of course the new words.
The research for GDoS includes material from all English-speaking countries, and covers over half a millennium of slang creation. The new research looks at both geographical and chronological developments. Thanks to the Trove database of Australian newspapers we have been able to look particularly at Australian material (some 277 additions or revisions), which work has been coupled to a specific project, in collaboration with Dr James Lambert of the National Institute of Education, Singapore, the ante-dating of material gathered in the 1940s by Australian lexicographer Sidney J. Baker. Mr Baker offered no supporting proofs of his glossary; this has now been, where possible, provided.
New material has looked particularly at music, drawing on recent rap and grime lyrics. This is naturally a vast topic: it will continue. In addition, the continuing reading of on line databases, individual books and other print publications, current newspapers and social media, has naturally added slang at all stages of the lexis, in this particular selection going back to the 16th century.
In terms of functionality
- the advanced search now provides a count of results
- a quicker way through from bibliography entries to cites (users can click through from a given bibliography entry to find the relevant citations)
- as the first move towards creating a variety of ways which will allow non-subscribers to see what the full dictionary has to offer, a ‘Word of the Week’ will permit non-subscribers to see a full entry, with its supporting citations. Our first Word of the Week is the boys.